|Old Life, New Life - Victorville, California|
I cropped this image a little.
Often the simplest photographs are the best photographs. That's because the message of the image is stated as clearly as possible, with nothing unnecessary included. Generally (but not always) that is the best approach to photography: simple, straight-forward images.
You want to, as much as possible, crop your photographs before pushing the shutter release button. In the field, carefully consider how you want the final print to look. If there is something in the frame that does not make the image stronger, then remove it from the frame before opening the shutter. Move a little left or right, up or down, step forward, step back--remove it somehow. It is better to get the photograph the way you want it when you take it than to try and fix it later with computer software.
After the image has been captured, there are three general reasons to crop a photograph.
|Tumbledown Window - Mojave, California|
I cropped this image slightly so that the slanted roof lines would come out of the top corners.
When you find things in your images that you didn't expect and don't want, crop them out! Get rid of them and make your photographs stronger. Take a close look around the perimeter of the frame for distractions.
|Retro Living - Johannesburg, California|
I cropped this image slightly to shape it like Polaroid 55 film.
Once you've decided what shape the print will be, crop the image to that shape so that you have complete control of how the photograph will look. Don't leave it up to the lab to do the cropping, because four out of five times they will get it wrong.
And even if you have no intention of printing the image, often one shape will create a stronger photograph over another shape. The only correct shape for a photograph is the one that is the strongest. Sometimes that shape is a square, other times a rectangle, and other times a long rectangle.
|Knob - Mojave, California|
I cropped to "zoom" since I didn't have a macro lens.
If cropping the image (removing unnecessary parts) makes the photograph stronger, do not hesitate to crop. There is no shame in cropping. Photographers have been cropping images for well over 100 years.
In conclusion, keep your photographs as simple as possible to communicate as clearly as possible. Crop out whatever is unnecessary. It's best to do that in the field before opening the shutter, but by all means do so in post-processing if you didn't get it correct when you pressed the shutter release button.
Simple is better, but don't make your photographs uninteresting. Making complexity out of simplicity is very difficult. You have to find a way to inject thought and emotion into that simple subject.